Are ‘nice’ leaders effective leaders?
Tom Loncar MBA is an experienced coach and mentor with more than 20 years’ experience across the corporate sector, the public sector and SME. He is a member of the International Coach Federation, a Professional Member of the Career Development Association of Australia and certified by The Leadership Circle and the Institute of Executive Coaching and Leadership. He is also a Contributing Writer for the Australian Financial Review, Australia’s leading business and finance newspaper (listing of recent articles by Tom here) where he expands on his ideas in leadership development and workplace emotional intelligence.
This article written by Tom originally appeared as “Do nice leaders get things done?” in the Australian Financial Review’s May 2017 issue of BOSS Magazine)
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A look through recent headlines suggests kinder styles of leadership are in perilously short supply. The recent example of Uber chief executive Travis Kalanick's crass interaction with one of his own drivers is one of the latest additions to a highlights reel that covers business, sport and presidential campaigns.
While such examples can dominate our attention, there are other examples that show nice guys can get the job done, such as Apple's Tim Cook and Microsoft's Satya Nadella whose leadership is typified by authentic yet often humble interactions with their staff and customers, while effectively presiding over two of the world’s largest tech companies. At a national level, a 2016 thread on popular Q&A website Quora that asked “is Barack Obama a nice person when there isn't a camera around?” confirmed the former President’s positive impact on the people he works and engages with, regardless of their status.
Yet, turning up the nasty dial can often be seen as essential for career advancement. A coaching client on the verge of an executive-level promotion recently asked if she would need to lose her caring people-oriented side – a signature aspect of her leadership style – in order to secure advancement. This assumption is not rare among managers who are endowed with soft skills. They feel they have to change to get ahead.
The evidence for niceness
The good news is that niceness can win – and win big – provided that certain foundations are mindfully cultivated.
Researchers at the Catalyst Research Center for Advancing Leader Effectiveness in New York surveyed 1500 employees across six countries. Their report “Inclusive Leadership: The View From Six Countries” found humility in leadership was a critical factor in creating an inclusive work environment.
Such environments yield higher engagement and more innovative ideas, and therefore a performance edge for their organisations. What humility in leadership means is letting go of any tendency to have to be right all the time. Rather than seeing discussions as debates that need to be won, humble leaders use dialogue to genuinely understand and absorb other perspectives. When junior staff feel listened to, engagement and innovation more easily follow.
Wharton professor Adam Grant has put leadership qualities under the microscope in his book Give and Take: Why Helping Others Drives Our Success. His evidence shows that niceness can be the key to professional advancement.
He describes the nicer variant of leader as a giver with their opposite being a taker.
"If you're a taker, you help others strategically, when the benefits to you outweigh the personal costs… [whereas] if you're a giver at work, you simply strive to be generous in sharing your time, energy, knowledge, skills, ideas and connections with other people who can benefit from them."
Being a giver includes providing mentoring, sharing credit, or making connections for others.
Don't be a doormat
Grant's research found that givers have a strong tendency to finish at the very top of the success ladder of their professions. Niceness can indeed win.
However, givers also prop up the other end of the scale where they can be stuck in the lower echelons of their professions. So, what's going on?
In an interview with the University of Pennsylvania’s Dr Scott Barry Kaufman, Grant said that one of the reasons for this is that some givers can also become doormats. "[They become] people who say yes to all the people all the time, to all of the requests … [they] try to help in too many different ways and at too many different times."
So, how can you be nice and get things done?
From reactive to creative
A nice leader with doormat tendencies will operate from a reactive standpoint. They will be seen as the compliant good guys who submissively absorb what they are exposed to. This is an outside-in orientation and is clearly not a good way to achieve anything.
Bob Anderson, founder and CEO of The Leadership Circle in an interview with the Integral Leadership Review says that a reactive to creative shift is necessary for leadership effectiveness.
A relationship-oriented leader with a creative orientation is not a doormat. They will be inside-out in their orientation and will creatively interact with the circumstances around them. Anderson calls this empowered relating. These leaders will collaborate, empower others, be mindful of the wider organisational system they work in and not shirk harder conversations. Importantly, they will get things done.
For these nice guys, their relationship skills will be the stimulant for their success, rather than a millstone for their misery.
Cultivate the power of nice
So, niceness can get you places. But it requires some careful attention to how you go about it. Here's how to develop your niceness edge.
1. Use questions, not passive acceptance. You may be the safe pair of hands that others turn to for all manner of things. However, your tendency to rescue puts you in areas you don't need to be in. This unfortunately means your bandwidth for doing the important things you really want to do – things you want to turn to achievements – is diminished.
Be exploratory and ask questions before accepting what is in front of you. There may be someone better placed to do it, or it may provide a collaboration opportunity.
2. Interested questions yield conversations. While many workplaces are a monologue versus monologue battleground, your people skills will make you naturally inclined to what Boris Groysberg and Michael Slind, coauthors of Talk, Inc.: How Trusted Leaders Use Conversation to Power Their Organizations, call the “unpredictable vitality of dialogue”.
Dialogue involves conversing deeply, openly and interactively… even if the person you are talking to presents as a one-way monologuer. By doing this you will counter any doormat tendencies, learn more and it will show you to be a considered and empowered listener.
3. From individual… to wider awareness. By mastering interactions with individuals you will become more attuned to the bigger picture in your organisation. Exploring the perspectives of others will also expand your political literacy.
4. Recognise you have blindspots. If your niceness is not getting you anywhere, then you might benefit from independent help. A trusted mentor or executive coach can provide you with an independent read, and support the development of your authentic niceness edge.
5. Humility. Keep it. In an "I" world, stay "We". Be generous in your recognition, your junior staff will notice it.
6. Don't lose sight of what you do best. Communicating with and developing others is something relationship-oriented leaders can do very well. In busier times, it's easy to drift to solving problems autonomously. Avoid such short-termism where possible and choose connection and engagement over isolation.
Nice and effective – it can be done.